March 2, 2021 | Mark Paradies

Pre-Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Be Proactive: Perform a Pre-Job Safety Analysis

One of the proactive tools taught in the Stopping Human Error Course is Pre-Job Safety Analysis. This type of analysis has other names:

  • Job Hazard Analysis
  • Job Safety Assessment
  • Pre-Task Hazard Analysis
  • Job Hazard Review
  • Task Safety Assessment
  • Job Hazard Risk Assessment
  • Activity Hazard Analysis

You would think that that’s enough names for the same thing but when they are performed by a worker before they start a job it is sometimes called a Personal Safety Assessment.

Job Safety Analysis

However, these assessments are frequently performed by a supervisor.

How Do You Perform a JSA or JHA?

There are many processes taught in different courses. We teach a seven-step process in the Stopping Human Error Course. The seven steps are:

  1. Identify Hazards & Lessons Learned from previous jobs.
  2. Identify current Safeguards & the strength of Safeguards.
  3. Evaluate are current Safeguards sufficient?
  4. Develop work permits, needed observations, and added Safeguards.
  5. Develop Pre-Job Brief to explain to workers:
    • Hazards
    • Safeguards (and their responsibility)
    • PPE (and their responsibility)
    • What to do if something unexpected occurs or something goes wrong
  6. Supervise the work and perform audits. (When should a supervisor be there to observe the work first hand?)
  7. Perform a Post-Job Review.

We included steps 6 and 7 in the JSA because we think that the work over until the job is completed and reviewed.

Seems Easy … Actually Hard

Performing a JSA or JHA seems easy. But even a simple task, like changing a tire, can be difficult.

The first difficulty is spotting all the hazards. Why? Because some hazards are easier to spot than others.

For example, on the Energy Wheel below, what are the easiest Hazards to identify?

Energy Wheel

If you guessed Gravity and Motion, you are right. About 80% of the time or more these energy sources are identified. But what about the remaining energy sources? They get identified less than 50% of the time. (And sometimes much less than 50%.)

Would you like to learn how to improve the odds of identifying Hazards (Energy)? Then attend our Stopping Human Error Course in Knoxville, Tennessee, on June 14-15 (just before the 2021 Global TapRooT® Summit).

Stopping Human Error Training

Pre-Job Hazard Analysis

What’s in the course? Here’s the course outline…

Course Outline

Day 1 (9:00am to 5:00pm)

  • Foundations of Improving Human Performance
  • Resilience and Safeguards
  • Using TapRooT® Root Cause Analysis for Reactive Problem Analysis
  • Using TapRooT® Human Performance Best Practices Proactively
    • Human Engineering
    • Procedures
    • Training
    • Communications
    • Management System
    • Work Direction
    • Quality Control
  • Stopping Normalization of Deviation
  • Pre-Job Hazard Analysis
  • Pre-Job Briefs
  • Personal Safety Assessment

Day 2 (9:00am to 5:00pm)

  • Applying Critical Human Action Profile Proactively
  • Human Performance Improvement Technology
    • Procedure Use/Adherence
    • Place Keeping
    • Independent Verification
    • Three-Way Communication
    • Pre-Job Brief
    • Personal Safety Assessment
    • Observation and Coaching
    • Post-Job Brief
    • Concurrent Verification
    • Questioning Attitude
    • Stop-Think-Act-Review
    • Time Out
    • Attention to Detail
    • Management of Change
    • Error Traps and Precursors
    • Validate Assumptions
    • Do Not Disturb Sign
    • Conservative Decision Making
  • Admiral Rickover and “Facing the Facts”
  • Which Tools Will Work Best for You?
  • Sample Plan/Suggested Plan
  • Customizing Your Plan
  • Present Your Plan, Benchmarking, and Feedback

With the exercises built-in to try the techniques, this is an active, quick-moving 2-day course.

You will leave this course with a clear understanding of methods to improve human performance and a custom plan to apply those methods at your company to achieve great gains in safety, quality, or operational and maintenance performance (all of which depend on human performance).

Stopping Human Error

Participants receive the book, Stopping Human Error, a $99.95 value, as part of the course materials. In addition, participants receive a certificate of completion and a 90-day subscription to TapRooT® VI Software, our dynamic cloud-based software that TapRooT® Techniques.

So, if you are interested in learning about human performance and how to stop human error, you should be at this course. Still unsure? The course is GUARANTEED…

Attend this course, go back to work, and use the techniques you have learned to stop human error. If you don’t find new ways to improve human performance and if you and your management don’t agree that your efforts to improve human performance are much more effective, just return your course materials and we will refund the entire course fee.

To register for the Stopping Human Error Training on June 14-15 in Knoxville, Tennessee, CLICK HERE.

One more note … This course is being offered both in-person and virtually. Choose which when you register.

Stopping Human Error

Courses & Training, Human Performance, Safety
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