June 22, 2023 | Mark Paradies

Pre-Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Be Proactive: Perform a Pre-Job Safety Analysis

One of the proactive tools taught in the Stopping Human Error Course is Pre-Job Safety Analysis. This type of analysis has other names:

  • Job Hazard Analysis
  • Job Safety Assessment
  • Pre-Task Hazard Analysis
  • Job Hazard Review
  • Task Safety Assessment
  • Job Hazard Risk Assessment
  • Activity Hazard Analysis

You would think that that’s enough names for the same thing but when they are performed by a worker before they start a job it is sometimes called a Personal Safety Assessment.

Job Safety Analysis

However, these assessments are frequently performed by a supervisor.

How Do You Perform a JSA or JHA?

There are many processes taught in different courses. We teach a seven-step process in the Stopping Human Error Course. The seven steps are:

  1. Identify Hazards & Lessons Learned from previous jobs.
  2. Identify current Safeguards & the strength of Safeguards.
  3. Are current Safeguards sufficient?
  4. Develop work permits, needed observations, and added Safeguards.
  5. Develop Pre-Job Brief to explain to workers:
    • Hazards
    • Safeguards (and their responsibility)
    • PPE (and their responsibility)
    • What to do if something unexpected occurs or something goes wrong
  6. Supervise the work and perform audits. (When should a supervisor be there to observe the work firsthand?)
  7. Perform a Post-Job Review for additional learning opportunities.

We included steps 6 and 7 in the JSA because we think that the work isn’t over until the job is completed and reviewed.

Seems Easy … Actually Hard

Performing a JSA or JHA seems easy. But even a simple task, like changing a tire, can be difficult.

The first difficulty is spotting all the hazards. Why? Because some hazards are easier to spot than others.

For example, on the Energy Wheel below, what are the easiest Hazards to identify?

Energy Wheel

If you guessed Gravity and Motion, you are right. About 80% of the time or more, these energy sources are identified. But what about the remaining energy sources? They get identified less than 50% of the time. (And sometimes much less than 50%.)

Would you like to learn how to improve the odds of identifying Hazards (Energy)? Then attend the Stopping Human Error Course in Knoxville, Tennessee, on October 4-5, 2023.

Stopping Human Error Training

Pre-Job Hazard Analysis

What’s in the course? Here’s the course outline…

Course Outline

Day 1 (8:00am to 5:00pm)

  • Foundations of Improving Human Performance
  • Human Performance – What Should You Expect?
  • Three Human Reliability Best Practices
    • Mistake Proofing
    • Resilience
    • Safeguards
  • Using TapRooT® Root Cause Analysis for Reactive Problem Analysis
  • Human Performance Improvement Technology (Catch Your Own Mistakes)
    •  STAR
    • Questioning Attitude
    • Attention to Detail
    • Time Out
    • Error Traps & Precursors
    • Validate Assumptions
  • Work Direction/Finding Error Likely Situations
    • Pre-Job Hazard Analysis
    • Pre-Job Brief
    • Personal Safety Assessment
    • Post-Job Brief
  • Training
    • Systematic Approach to Training
  • Using Procedures to Improve Human Performance
    • Procedures Best Practices
    • Procedure Use and Adherence
    • Place Keeping

Day 2 (8:00am to 5:00pm)

  • Communications
    • 3-Way Communication
    • Do Not Disturb Sign
  • Management System
    • Conservative Decision Making
    • Stopping Normalization of Deviation
    • MOC
  • Quality Control
    • Independent Verification
    • Concurrent Verification
  • Human Factors Engineering
    • Best Practices (Spot Bad Practices)
    • Proactive Use of CHAP
  • Hazard/Target Elimination or Substitution
    • Improvement Exercise
  • What Should You Improve/Which Tools Will Work Best for You?
  • Sample Plan
  • Present Your Plan (Benchmarking/Feedback)

You will leave this course with a clear understanding of methods to improve human performance and a custom plan to apply these methods at your company to achieve great gains in safety, quality, or operational and maintenance performance (all of which depend on human performance).

Stopping Human Error

Participants receive the book, Stopping Human Error, a $99.95 value, as part of the course materials. In addition, participants receive a certificate of completion and a 90-day subscription to TapRooT® VI Software, our dynamic cloud-based root cause analysis software.

With the exercises built-in to try the techniques, this is an active, quick-moving 2-day course.

So, if you are interested in improving human performance and stopping human error, you should be in this course. Still unsure? The course is GUARANTEED…

Attend this course, go back to work, and use the techniques you have learned to stop human error. If you don’t find new ways to improve human performance and if you and your management don’t agree that your efforts to improve human performance are much more effective, just return your course materials and we will refund the entire course fee.

To register for the Stopping Human Error Training on October 4-5 in Knoxville, Tennessee, CLICK HERE.

Courses & Training, Human Performance, Safety
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